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主题: 我应用简谱学习英语的语调 并介绍简谱的历史
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作者 我应用简谱学习英语的语调 并介绍简谱的历史   
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文章标题: 我应用简谱学习英语的语调 并介绍简谱的历史 (795 reads)      时间: 2011-10-06 周四, 上午9:12

作者:加人罕见奇谈 发贴, 来自 http://www.hjclub.info

我学习英语,听新概念英语录音时, 可以跟着模仿其语调。

但不听录音时,就忘了其语调。 于是我想了一个法子。

把简谱 应用到 语调上去。

英语 语调相对简单。我只需要 1 2 3 4 6 几个音符就够了。

我的电脑笔记本,上面有课文,课文上面是简谱,

再上面是中文翻译。我不用意译。 我用直接,一个字对一个字的翻译。

这样,我才能更好理解英语的 词序。在中文动词后面也加上了过去时态。



偶然,有些 同事看见,问我那些数字是什么?

我一时不知如何回答。 今天有空,上网查了简谱的来历。

简谱 英语叫 numbered notaion

我非常感谢发明和推广的 法国人 苏艾蒂 教士

和思想家 卢梭

以后再有人问我,我就可以解释简谱的来历了。

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所谓简谱,是指一种简易的记谱法。有字母简谱和数字简谱两种。一般所称的科谱,系指数字简谱。数字简谱以可动唱名法为基础,用1、2、3、4、5、6、7代表音阶中的7个基本音级,读音为do、re、mi、fa、sol、la、si,休止以O表示。每一个数字的时值名相当于五线谱的4分音符。

数字简谱的雏形初见于16世纪的欧洲。
17世纪时法国天主教方济名会教士J•J• 苏艾蒂加以改进后用来教唱家教歌曲。

18世纪中叶,著名的法国思想家 J• J• 卢棱再加改进,

大力倡导,并编入他的《音乐辞典》之中。

19世纪,经过P•加兰、A•帕里斯和E•J•M•谢韦3人的继续改进和推广,才在群众中得到广泛使用。因此这种简谱在西方被称为“加—帕—谢氏记谱法”。

19世纪末叶,简谱传到日本,再传入中国。1904年沈心工编著出版的《学校唱歌集》是中国最早自编的一本简谱歌集;之后逐步普及到各地的学校,30年代随着救亡歌咏运动的开展,简谱得以在群众中广泛流传。
中国是把简谱吸收的最好、最发扬光大的国家。而五线谱,通过教育体制,以西方为中心的音乐教育,已基本流行于各个国家,在院校里也是必修项目之一,它为世界音乐统一于一谱提供了基础。



Wikipedia

History and Usage
A similar invention was presented by Jean-Jacques Rousseau in his work presented to the French Academy of Sciences in 1742.
Due to its straightforward correspondence to the standard notation, it is possible that many other claims of independent invention are also true.
Although the system is used to some extent in Germany, France, and the Netherlands, and more by the Mennonites in Russia, it has never become popular in the Western world. See the external links for more information.
The system is very popular among some Asian people, making conventions to encode and decode music more accessible than in the West, as more Chinese can sight read jianpu than standard notation. Most Chinese traditional music scores and popular song books are published in jianpu, and jianpu notation is often included in vocal music with staff notation.
Indexing with numbered notation makes it possible to search a piece of music by melody rather than by title. An actual example can be found in the Chinese New Hymnal. Parson's code on the other hand contains information on rise and fall in pitch only but precise pitches can be decoded from numbered notation. This way, a children's song book be indexed like this:

|1• 1• |1 23• | Row, row, row your boat

|1 1 5 5 |6 6 5 - | Twinkle, twinkle little star

|1 2 3 1 |1 2 3 1 | Frere Jacques

A reason for its popularity among Chinese is that jianpu fits in with the Chinese music tradition. It is a natural extension and unification of the gongche notation widely used in ancient China for recording music. Gongche uses a number of characters to indicate the musical notes, and jianpu can be seen as using numbers to replace those characters. The monophonic nature of music in Chinese tradition also contributes to widespread use because so few elements are needed for monophonic music that music can be notated with little more than a typewriter.
Compared with the standard notation, the numbered notation is very compact for just the melody line or monophonic parts. It is even possible to transcribe music in between the lines of text. Transcribing harmony can be done by vertically stacking the notes, but this advantage diminishes as the harmony becomes more complex (or polyphonicity increases). The standard notation, with its graphical notation, is better in representing the duration and timing among multiple notes.
Examples
The two images below illustrate how the same piece of music is written using the standard notation and the numbered notation.

作者:加人罕见奇谈 发贴, 来自 http://www.hjclub.info
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